The Benefits of Min/Max Inventory Management in 2024

The Benefits of Min/Max Inventory Management


What is Min/Max Inventory Management?

The best way to ensure your consumable stockroom/truck inventory is optimized is by using min/max inventory management. At a basic level, the min/max method attempts to keep current on-hand inventory within a specific range. Users set a minimum stocking level, which, when breached, triggers a reorder to reach the maximum stocking level of a particular item. The calculation to reorder is straightforward: it’s the difference between the maximum and the quantity on hand minus what is already on order or on requisition.  

Order Quantity = MAX - QOH - On Order


How Does Min/Max Inventory Management Work?

Determining the levels at which you set your minimum and maximum depends on the answers to several questions. How quickly can your suppliers get material to you after you place an order? Is the usage of some items greater in the next month than four months from now? Which items need spares so that they never fall below two on hand?

A good job supervisor or an experienced tech can do a reasonable job of setting approximate starting points for your minimums and maximums for any item. Theoretically, these levels can be manually reset individually as time passes and the techs watch the inventory levels as they use parts. However, what typically happens is that eventually there is a breakdown of communication and administration. As a result, the minimums and maximums are not adequately adjusted manually over time. Then, stock levels do not match usage needs at the POU stockroom. Too much of some items and too little of others results in wasted time and money from stockouts and overstock. 

In a nutshell, manually tracking item usage and adjusting min/max settings ends up being wasteful and inefficient.

To overcome this problem, companies need an app that can track usage automatically and adjust min/max settings dynamically.  Without an app that can track the consumption of material on the job, companies cannot truly reap the benefits of min/max inventory management.  We need the ability to “tune” those min/maxes dynamically based on item usage in order to optimize inventories and maximize service levels. 

Said differently, we want to reduce inventory levels to the absolute minimum to save cash while making sure we do not stock out of any item to keep the job moving.

"We want to reduce inventory levels to the absolute minimum to save cash while making sure we do not stock out of any item to keep the job moving."


Who Uses Min/Max Levels For Inventory Management? 

All industries that maintain inventory at the point of use strive for the same strategic objective: to reduce inventory to the absolute minimum without stocking out. The following industries can all benefit from deploying min/maxes to optimize their inventory:  

  • Healthcare for their clinics and hospital supply rooms 
  • Manufacturers for their long tail MRO consumable inventory
  • Contractors on their job sites 
  • Distributors when they consign inventories 
  • Mining companies so they don’t require rush restocking 
  • State governments to keep the correct amount of items to support their tourist traffic 
  • The service truck industry to properly stock their trucks to prevent unneeded trips to a supplier to restock items for service calls
  • Every business that uses Amazon or other suppliers to restock their indirect needs of office supplies, janitorial supplies, IT supplies, medical supplies, and breakroom supplies.

The strategic objective is to optimize inventories and maximize service levels.  These industries need an app that tracks consumption at the point of use (POU) and uses it to their strategic advantage.  


How Do I Calculate Min/Max Levels? 

The minimum stock quantity of a particular item depends on several factors, including lead time, safety stock, contractual (blanket) orders, sales cycle times, seasonal demands, the accuracy of sales forecasts, and the item’s review period.  

A good starting guide on how to calculate min/max inventory levels:

Minimum = Safety Stock + (Daily Run Rate * Lead Time). 

However, the only way to set accurate minimum and maximum levels that will prevent stockouts and help optimize inventory levels are to calculate average daily usage. Modern inventory replenishment apps only need around 90 days of tracking consumption and lead time inputs to suggest a good starting point for accurate min/max levels that will optimize storeroom and truck inventory. Then the min/max levels need to be tuned and optimized with usage data. This leads to optimized inventory levels. 

The benefits are clear. By optimizing levels, users benefit from one-time inventory reduction savings as well as annual savings from inventory carrying costs. 

Let us show you how the TrackStock Min/Max AI Dashboard can optimize your inventory levels and save you money!

Get a Free Trial

How Do I Set Min/Max Levels Accurately for Optimized Stockroom Inventory?  

Having accurate min/max levels that help you maintain optimized inventory in your stockrooms is dependent on your ability to track the usage of each inventory item over a recent period of time. In addition, you need to account for these variables: 

  • Supplier lead time
  • Inventory turns for fast-moving items
  • Different categories of items, such as spares and unique items

Average daily usage over the past 90 days is a great starting point for setting min/max levels, but they will also need to be constantly adjusted.  One of the largest challenges in setting min/max levels without the use of a tracking app is the manual effort required to derive this very useful statistic: average daily usage.  As soon as you calculate that number, how long would it take to then determine what the average daily usage is for 80 days or 120 days?  It would require more hours than anyone has available.  This is why, historically, these attempts at optimization analytics in stockrooms have been done at most once a year.  Users need an app that can perform this calculation in three seconds so that they can spend their brain power on progressing to optimized min/maxes.

"TrackStock’s Min/Max AI Dashboard shows users how much money they can save in one-time inventory reduction as well as in annual carrying costs by moving to optimized min/max levels."


How the TrackStock Min/Max AI Dashboard Dynamically Adjusts Your Min/Max Levels Based On Actual Usage to Optimize Your Stockroom Inventory

eTurns TrackStock is a mobile app for self-service CMI, or customer-managed inventory. Users scan the barcodes of items that are being removed from inventory and used. It tracks consumption. By storing this data about item usage, in addition to the following important variables about your suppliers and your organization, the app can calculate optimal min/max levels for each item.  


"To be honest, most of the customers we have surveyed are stocking 50+% more inventory than they need and they are amazed when TrackStock shows them exactly how much they could save in a one-time inventory reduction and annual carrying costs, based on the past several weeks or months of recorded usage with our TrackStock app."

Optimize Your Stockroom Inventory with eTurns - try it FREE for 30 days!

Start Your Trial

For instance, the app factors in lead time. Users need to evaluate their distributor or supplier’s performance on delivery time from order to receipt.  If this period is two days, then perhaps the minimum levels should be set to four days of average daily usage to be conservative.  This provides some buffer time for the typical item.  TrackStock allows users to filter to those specific items that have longer lead times in order to to calculate what their minimums should be in comparison to typical items. 

TrackStock also factors in supplier details. For instance, once users have an idea of what the minimums should be, they need to decide at what levels the maximums should be set.  Are they twice the minimums?  2.3 times?  3.7 times?  Again, it is dependent on a number of variables such as distributor or supplier performance, physical distance from the supplier, inventory turns, perishability, and more. TrackStock keeps track of all of these variables and calculates the optimized min/maxes.

TrackStock offers a min/max tuning slider for users who aren’t ready to immediately trust the automatically-calculated optimal min/max levels. Once TrackStock calculates the optimal min/maxes, the user can use the slider bar in the Min/Max Tuning Dashboard to gradually and conservatively move the current min/maxes toward the optimal ones.  TrackStock allows the user to reset all of the min/maxes from the Min/Max Tuning Dashboard rather than entering each one manually.

After running with these new min/maxes for a month or two, the user can use TrackStock’s Min/Max Tuning Dashboard to recalculate what the min/maxes should be based on the most recent usage.  The user can then use the slider again to move the current min/maxes closer to the optimized min/maxes, then set all the levels from the Dashboard again.  When the user is close to the optimized min/maxes, the user can set the app to calculate the optimized min/maxes for each item and reset them automatically after each “Usage Pull” or after 24 hours if there were no Pulls.  Either action will change the average daily usage since another day without a Pull will reduce the average. This responsive system allows for heightened accuracy and more efficiency. 

"TrackStock allows the user to reset all of the min/maxes from the Min/Max AI Dashboard rather than entering each one manually."


What Are The Financial Benefits of Setting Optimal Min/Max Levels With TrackStock?

TrackStock’s Min/Max AI Dashboard calculates and displays for users exactly how much money they can save in one-time inventory reduction as well as in annual carrying costs by moving to optimized min/max levels.

To be honest, most of the customers we have surveyed are stocking 50+% more inventory than they need and they are amazed when TrackStock shows them exactly how much they could save in a one-time inventory reduction, based on the past several weeks or months of recorded usage. Customers have been able to reduce inventory levels up to 73% with optimization

Overstocking inventory means not only spending too much on the inventory, but spending too much on carrying costs as well. Carrying costs include costs such as: supply room expenses, staff to manage the material, taxes, insurance, obsolescence, pilferage, and clerical costs. Carrying cost industry averages range from 25% to 55% of inventory value.  

Once the carrying cost percentage for the business has been determined, TrackStock adds it to the data it has on the average daily usage and the procurement variables. Then, TrackStock lists in the Min/Max AI Dashboard the actual cash savings available from a one-time reduction of the business's inventory, as well as the annual cash savings from reduced carrying costs. 

Case Study: Service Trucks

One service contractor, Service America, reaped the following benefits in the first year using the eTurns TrackStock app. Read the Service America Case Study

  • Inventory accuracy improved by more than 45%
  • Truck inventory levels decreased by over 30%
  • Warehouse inventory decreased by over 45%


What Min/Max Reports Does eTurns TrackStock Offer?

In addition to calculating the optimized min/maxes, TrackStock also provides an incredible array of statistics and reports for each item. These can be sent in email alerts on a schedule and they include:

  • Total Pull quantity, Pull value, and Order usage for the period
  • The average daily value for each of the above
  • What quantity of the item will be consumed before the next order
  • How many days until the next order and the date of that order
  • How much will be ordered
  • Annual inventory turns using Pulls and Orders


Ready To Try Out eTurns TrackStock?

Try out a demo or free trial and see how easy it is to use eTurns to set Min/Maxes for your storeroom inventory.

Claim Your Free Trial Today!

Start Your Trial

Tagged in:
Optimize Plan Min/Max Tuning Optimized Inventory Distribution Medical Service Trucks Contractors Manufacturing MRO